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Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum

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Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu Hawaii

The Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, or Bishop Museum, houses the worlds largest collection of Polynesian cultural artifacts, and natural history exhibits. Aside from the collection of Hawaiiana, the museum is also has the third largest entomological collection in the United States, and the eight largest in the world, with over 13.5 million specimens.

The Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum was built by Charles Reed Bishop in order to honor his late wife, Princess Bernice Pauahi who was the last legal heir of the Kamehameha Dynasty. The original intention was to house the family heirlooms passed down through the royal family. Charles Bishop also co-founded Kamehameha Schools and First Hawaiian Bank, and the original boys campus of Kamehameha Schools was were the Bishop museum now stands. In 1898, Hawaiian Hall and Polynesian Hall were constructed and are on the National Register of Historic Places. Hawaiian Hall now houses a complete sperm whale skeleton with a paper mache body, and prized Koa wood display cases, which are worth more than the original Bishop Museum Buildings. Also on display is the Royal Hawaiian regalia, including the royal crown and consorts crown.

Kamehameha Schools moved to their new campus in Kapalama in 1940 and that allowed the expansion of the Bishop museum. Bishop Hall was then converted for museum use. In 1988 construction began on the Castle Memorial Building and was completed in 1990, and is now used for all the major traveling exhibits that come from around the world. The Richard Mamiya Science Adventure Center opened in 2005, and provides a learning center for children focusing on maritime sciences, volcanology and related sciences.